Ö 2 - FVM 160 Albatros (1926-1935)

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  Ö 2 code 012 (later 512) at Ljungbyhed in 1927. The aircraft was taken out of service in 1932.

The German Albatros became a standard type of aircraft in the early Swedish military aviation, all thanks to a bad landing. An Albatros B.IIa, with Lothar Wieland as pilot, was sent on a tour in the summer of 1914 to several countries in northern Europe to display and hopefully sell the aircraft. This aircraft was one of the best basic trainers of its times, designed and manufactured by the Albatros-Flugzeugwerke GmbH of Berlin-Johannisthal.
On the 25th of July, the Albatros landed at Malmen. Next day, the journey continued to Stockholm. But Wieland made a misjudgement and landed in a muddy field. During the landing, the aircraft turned around and was damaged.
Before repairs managed to be accomplished, the WWI broke out. Lothar Wieland was sent home to Germany, but the aircraft was kept and later bought by the Swedish authorities. The Albatros was copied by Swedish aircraft manufacturers.
At the Malmen military airfield near Linköping, the Army Aviation Company had built a well-equipped workshop. Copies of the Albatros had been purchased by the Army Aviation Company from three different private Swedish manufacturers, but the Army experienced that the prices were unreasonable high. Their own workshop, FVM (Flygkompaniets Tygverkstäder på Malmen), was able to produce an Albatros for half the price of the private factories.
The Albatroses built were equipped with different type of engines. When the Air Force became a service branch of their own in 1926, 18 Albatroses were taken over from the Army Aviation Company and the Navy. Eight of them, powered with engines of 120 hp, were classified as basic trainers and got the designation Sk 1. You can read more about their story at the page Sk 1 - Albatros B.II (1926-1929).
The remaining ten were Albatroses were equipped with 160 hp Mercedes engines (”160-trossar”). They now got the status as Advanced Trainers (Övningsplan) and were designated Ö 2. All of them were built by FVM 1920-1924. The Ö 2’s now became based at the new War Flying School (F 5) at Ljungbyhed in southern Sweden.
Some of the aircraft were equipped with double command and were used to train spin situations. Around 1930, the Sk 6/Sk 6A Heinkel HD 36, was supplied to F 5 as standard trainer aircraft. Graudally, the Albatroses were taken out of service. The last one was written off in January, 1935.
Length: 7,77 m. Span: 12,96 m. MTOW: 1.250 kg. Max. speed: 136 km/h.




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© Lars Henriksson

Updated 2011-09-08