|TP 79 Douglas ”DC-3” Dakota (1949-1984)|
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famous design, popularly called the ”DC-3”
was an airliner that, more or less converted, became the most important
transport aircraft of the Allied forces during WWII. 10.349 aircraft
were produced in the USA. The most common variants were the C-47
Skytrain and the C-53
Skytrooper. Further 2.000-3.000 were built in Russia (designated
Li-2) and Japan (Showa L2D). The RAF used the Dakota
as the official name of the aircraft.
the war, a large number of this dependable aircraft, now sold cheaply as
continued to fly for civilian and military operators. The Swedish
Air Force bought totally eight Dakotas. The first two in 1949 and the
last one 1975 - 26 years later. The Dakota got the Swedish designation TP
79 and the aircraft got the Air Force numbers 79001-79008.
first two TP 79s were modified during the winter and spring of 1950 to
ELINT (ELectronic INTelligence) aircraft. The work was done by the
Workshops of the Air Force at Västerås (CVV). The ELINT crew that flew
with the Dakotas belonged to FRA (Försvarets Radioanstalt = the Radio
Establishment of the Defence).
In June 1952, 79001 disappeared over the Baltic Sea during an ELINT mission. Now we know that a Soviet fighter shot down the aircraft. A Catalina (Tp 47), searching for the missing Dakota, was in its turn shot down by a Soviet MiG-15. A German merchant ship saved the crew of the Catalina. The wreck of the Dakota was located on the 10th of June 2003 at the sea bottom east of Gotska Sandön. On the 19th of March 2004, is was successfully salvaged by the Swedish Navy.
other six TP 79s were - besides transport of materials and personnel -
used for the training of parachutists, development of new avionics,
VIP-transports, training of navigators etc.
TP 79 was powered by two Pratt & Whitney
STW-C3 engines, each delivering 1.065 bhp.
at top: An unique picture of # 79002 fitted with equipment for ASW
Photo at top: An unique picture of # 79002 fitted with equipment for ASW (Anti-Submarine Warfare).
Three of the Swedish Dakotas are preserved - 79002, 79006 and 79007. # 79007 (c/n 13647) is exhibited at Flygvapenmuseum and still carries its military marking (photo at bottom).
19,65 m. Span: 28,95 m.
Height: 5,20 m. MTOW 11.450 kg. Max. speed: 350 km/h.
ESCI has produced a plastic model kit of TP 79/C-47 Dakota with Swedish decals (# 79008, code 78 of Wing F 13) in scale 1/72. Catalouge number 9096. Click on the thumbnail for larger image.
from 1967 depicts DC-3 (or more correct C-47-DL) TL-AAD from
the Central African Republic. The aircraft was built in USA during
WWII and had the US AF number
After the war it was sold to France as
# 79007 at
Flygvapenmuseum (Swedish Air Force Museum), Malmen, Linköping
© Lars Henriksson